This section is aimed to provide a list of useful links, resources, articles, and ideas relevant to the themes of our site. We have organised it into two sections; safety and security, and sexuality/harassment. Please contact us with any useful additions or things we may have missed. 


On safety/security

Arjona, Ana. 2014. “Wartime Institutions: A Research Agenda.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 58 (8): 1360–89. Available at

Berry, Marie E. 2018. War, Women, and Power in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Blattman, Christopher, and Jeannie Annan. 2015. “Can Employment Reduce Lawlessness and Rebellion? A Field Experiment with High-Risk Men in a Fragile State.” National Bureau of Economic Research: Working Paper 21289.Available at

Bouka, Yolande. 2015. “Researcher Positionality.” Conflict Field Research (blog). Available at positionality.

Brown. 2009. “Dilemma of Self-Representation and Conduct in the Field.” In Surviving Field Research: Working in Violent and Difficult Situations, ed. Chandra Lekha Sriram, John C. King, Julie A. Mertus, Olga Martin-Ortega, and Johanna Herman. New York: Routledge.

Campbell, Susanna P. 2017. “Ethics of Research in Conflict Environments.” Journal of Global Security Studies 2 (1): 89–101.

Chakravarty, Anuradha. 2012. “‘Partially Trusting’ Field Relationships: Opportunities and Constraints of Fieldwork in Rwanda’s Postconflict Setting.” Field Methods 24 (3): 251–71.

Clark, Janine Natalya. 2012. “Fieldwork and Its Ethical Challenges: Reflections from Research in Bosnia.” Human Rights Quarterly 34 (3): 823–39.

Cohen, Dara Kay. 2013. “Female Combatants and the Perpetration of Violence: Wartime Rape in the Sierra Leone Civil War.” World Politics 65 (3): 383–415.

Davenport, Christian. 2013. “Researching While Black: Why Conflict Research Needs More African Americans (Maybe).” Political Violence @ a Glance (blog). April 10.

Davies, James & Dimitrina Spencer (2010). Emotions in the Field: The Psychology and Anthropology of Fieldwork Experience . Stanford University Press.

D’Errico, Nicole C., Tshibangu Kalala, Joseph Ciza Nakamina, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Paulin Bukundika, Felicien Maisha, and Bashige Nzigire. 2013. “‘You Say Rape, I Say Hospitals. But Whose Voice Is Louder?’ Health, Aid and Decision Making in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” African Journal of Political Economy 40 (135): 51.

Desposato, Scott. 2014a. “Ethical Challenges and Some Solutions for Field Experiments.” San Diego: University of California. Available at

———. 2014b. “Ethics and Research in Comparative Politics.” The Monkey Cage: The Washington Post (blog). November 3. Available at

Driscoll, Jesse, and Caroline Schuster. 2017. “Spies Like Us.” Ethnography (June).

Eriksson Baaz, Maria, and Judith Verweijen. 2014. “Arbiters with Guns: The Ambiguity of Military Involvement in Civilian Disputes in the DR Congo.” Third World Quarterly 35 (5): 803–20.

Fujii, Lee Ann. 2010. “Shades of Truth and Lies: Interpreting Testimonies of War and Violence.” Journal of Peace Research 47 (2): 231–41.

———. 2012. “Research Ethics 101: Dilemmas and Responsibilities.” PS: Political Science and Politics 45 (4): 717–23.

Goldstein, Daniel. 2016. “Qualitative Research in Dangerous Places: Becoming an ‘Ethnographer’ of Violence and Personal Safety.” Brooklyn, NY: Social Science Research Council. Accessed April 27, 2016. Available at ethnographer-of-violence-and-personal-safety.

Henderson, Frances B. 2009. “‘We Thought You Would Be White’: Race and Gender in Fieldwork.” PS: Political Science and Politics 42 (2): 291–4.

Koopman, Sara. 2017. “How to Keep You and Your Sources Safe in the Age of Surveillance.” Huffington Post, May 9. The Conversation Edition. Available at sources_us_5912160ee4b07e366cebb696.

Nilan, Pamela. 2002. “‘Dangerous Fieldwork’ Re-Examined: The Question of Researcher–Subject Position.” Qualitative Research 2 (3): 363–86. Available at

Parkinson, Sarah Elizabeth. 2015. “Reflections on Researching Violence in the War on Terror.” Paper Presented at the American Political Science Association Annual Conference. San Francisco.

Pittaway, Eileen, Linda Bartolomei, and Richard Hugman. 2010. “‘Stop Stealing Our Stories’: The Ethics of Research with Vulnerable Groups.” Journal of Human Rights Practice 2 (2): 229–51.

Rodríguez, Clelia. 2017. “How Academia Uses Poverty, Oppression, and Pain for Intellectual Masturbation.” RaceBaitR, April 6. Available at

Smyth, Marie. 2005. “Insider–Outsider Issues in Researching Violent and Divided Societies.” In Researching Conflict in Africa: Insights and Experiences, ed. Elisabeth J. Porter, 9-23. New York: United Nations University Press.

Sriram, Chandra Lekha, John C. King, Julie A. Mertus, Olga Martin-Ortega, Johanna Herman, and Carolyn Gallaher. 2009. “Researching Repellent Groups: Some Methodological Considerations on How to Represent Militants, Radicals, and Other Belligerents.” In Surviving Field Research: Working in Violent and Difficult Situations, 127 – 146. New York: Routledge.

Thomson, Susan. 2009. “That Is Not What We Authorized You to Do.” In Surviving Field Research: Working in Violent and Difficult Situations. New York: Routledge. Available at

Wood, Elisabeth Jean. 2006. “The Ethical Challenges of Field Research in Conflict Zones.” Qualitative Sociology29 (3): 373–86.

On sexuality/harassment 

Ashkenazi, M. and Markowitz, F.. (1999). Sex, Sexuality, and the Anthropologist. Urbana : University of Illinois Press.

Berry, MJ, Chávez Argüelles, C, Cordis, S, Ihmoud, S & Velásquez Estrada, E 2017, ‘Towards a fugitive anthropology: Gender, race, and violence in the field’, Cultural Anthropology, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 537-565.

Bohannon, J 2013, ‘Survey of peers in fieldwork highlights an unspoken risk’, Science, vol. 340, no. 6130, p. 265.

Bundgaard, H., & Rubow, C. (2016). From rite of passage to a mentored educational activity: Fieldwork for master’s students of anthropology, Learning and Teaching, 9(3), 22-41.

Clark, I., and Grant, A.. (2015). Sexuality and Danger in the Field: Starting an Uncomfortable Conversation. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford Online 8(2):1-14.

Congdon, V 2015, ‘The ‘lone female researcher’: Isolation and safety upon arrival in the field‘. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford: Special issue on Sexual Harassment in the Field, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 15-24.

Enrici, A., Tasing, C.. (2018, April 3). Sexual Harassment in the Field: Roundtable Discussion. Retrieved from

Evans, A.. (2017). Tinder as a methodological tool. Allegra Laboratory. Retrieved from:

Golde, P.. (1986). Women in the Field. California: University of California Press.

Isidoros, K 2015, ‘Between purity and danger: Fieldwork approaches to movement, protection and legitimacy for a female ethnographer in the Sahara Desert‘, Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford: Special issue on Sexual Harassment in the Field, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 39-54.

Johansson, L 2015,  ‘Dangerous liaisons: risk, positionality and power in women’s anthropological fieldwork‘,  Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford: Special issue on Sexual Harassment in the Field, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 55-63.

Kaspar, H. and Landolt, S.. (2016) Flirting in the field: shifting positionalities and power relations in innocuous sexualisations of research encounters. Gender, Place & Culture 23(1): 107-119.

Kloß, ST 2017, ‘Sexual(ized) harassment and ethnographic fieldwork: A silenced aspect of social research’, Ethnography, vol. 18, no. 3, p. 396-414.

Miller, T 2015 ‘‘Listen to your mother’: negotiating gender-based safe space during fieldwork‘, Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford: Special issue on Sexual Harassment in the Field, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 80-87.

Moreno, E 2005, ‘Rape in the field’, in D Kulick & M Willson (eds.) Taboo: Sex, identity and erotic subjectivity in anthropological fieldwork, new edn, Routledge, London, pp. 166-189.

Nelson, RG, Rutherford, N, Hinde, K & Clancy, KBH 2017, ‘Signalling safety: Characterizing fieldwork experiences and their implications for career trajectories’, American Anthropologist, vol. 119, no. 4, pp. 710-722.

Pollard, A. (2009) Field of screams: difficulty and ethnographic fieldwork. Anthropology Matters 11(2): 1-24.

Scheper-Hughes, N 2016, ‘James X: A reflection on rape, race, and reception’, Anthropology Today, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 21-25.

Schwedler, J.. (2006). The Third Gender: Western Female Researchers in the Middle East. Political Science and Politics 39(3): 425–28.

Sharp, G., and Kremer, E.. (2006). The Safety Dance: Confronting Harassment, Intimidation, and Violence in the Field. Sociological Methodology 36: 317-27.

Williams, BC 2009, ‘”Don’t ride the bus!”: And other warnings women anthropologists are given during fieldwork’, Transforming Anthropology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 155-158.

Wilson, M., and Kullick, D. (Eds.) Taboo: sex, identity and subjectivity in anthropological fieldwork. Routledge : New York